Showing posts from May, 2012

Kangeyam Cattle

Animal Genetic Resources of Tamil Nadu

Kasargode Dwarf, Vechur cow become unique attractions

Thiruvananthapuram, Apr 21 : Kasargode Dwarf, that earned fame by its entry in the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest cow and the Vechur cow, which was popular in Kerala until 1960, are becoming the unique attractions of Agricultural Mela in Santhigiri Fest, here. The Dwarf cows, which are popularly known as kitchen cows are only seen in Badiyadukka, Enmakje, Kumbatje and Karaduka panchayats in Kasargode district. Although the Dwarf cow gives only about two liters of milk a day, it is a milk variety which is most nutritious. The price of these rare cows is less. It is notable that NABARD had formed cooperative societies for the protection of these cows.

The Kerala Agricultural University has taken initiatives to protect Vehhur cows, which is another rich inheritance of Kerala. (UNI)

Scheme to preserve world's smallest cow

The Hindu KLDB has started production of frozen semen of Vechur bulls Dhoni Farm under Kerala Livestock Development Board (KLDB) here has started production and distribution of frozen semen of Vechur bulls in an effort to conserve this breed of cows. This native breed of Kerala originated from Vaikom is considered the smallest breed in the world, said Ani S. Das, managing director of KLDB. Till recently, the number of Indian cattle breeds was estimated at 26. But the calendar of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) on ‘Cattle Breeds of India,' published by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), showed 30 breeds. The latest addition was the Vechur cattle. Thus it became the first among Kerala cattle, all of which were hitherto referred to as nondescript, to get the stamp of approval as a distinct breed from ICAR. The World Watch List of Domestic Animal Diversity, published by the FAO, has listed the Vechur cattle under the category of cri…

Medicinal property of Vechur cow milk confirmed

KOCHI: The biotechnology wing of the SCMS College has come up with a study confirming the medicinal property of the lactoferrin protein in the milk of Vechur Cow.
�The study was published in the International Journal of functional and evolutionary genomics- GENE on December 30. The Vechur Cow is the indigenous breed of Kerala. � As per the finding, the anti-bacterial property of the lactoferrin protein of the Vechur Cow milk is more than that of the antibiotic ampicillin. The scientists from SCMS have also found a way to produce the lactoferrin protein in the lab through genetic engineering. This is expected to enable production of the therapeutic protein on a commercial scale without dependence on cow milk. “We were able to produce the lactoferrin protein in the lab by expressing the lactoferrin gene in a bacteria. The anti-bacterial property of the protien was found to be more than ampicillin. Since we were able to express the gene, now we can produce lactoferrin p…

A cow and a controversy

A cow and a controversy
An allegation with implications of biopiracy involving a breed of cattle from Kerala remains unsubstantiated.
in Thrissur
AFTER environmental activist Vandana Shiva alleged in a magazine article in September 1997 that genes from the Vechur cattle of Kerala had been patented by the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, United Kingdom, this near extinct breed of dwarf cattle shot into the limelight as a case of alleged international 'gene robbery'. Yet, there is no conclusive proof that such an act of biopiracy has indeed taken place. The controversy, however, has not been unproductive.
The Vechur cattle, named after a village in Kottayam district where they were originally found, were once very popular for their comparatively high yield of high-fat milk, low fodder requirement and higher resistance to diseases, including to the foot-and-mouth disease. The Vechur cow's reputation as the ideal "backyard cow" that would meet…

Vechur cow sale stopped

THRISSUR: The Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University ( KVASU) authorities have decided to stop selling Vechur cows -- accepted worldwide as the perfect breed to cater to the needs of a nuclear family -- for a while. The small pause is to improve the young stock in its farm and to carry out research studies on molecular genetics level and breeding level of Vechur cows in the coming months.
"At present, we have 100 Vechur cows in our farm, a majority of which are old and have lost their reproductive capacity. We plan to improve our stock in the next couple of years and so decided to stop their sale for the moment," said director of Centre for Advanced Studies in Animal Genetics & Breeding (CASAGB) K V Raghunandnan.

Raghunandan said nearly 3,000 people are in queue to own a Vechur cow. "The demand has always been huge for Vechur cows. We supply calves below six months of age at Rs 5,000 from our centre. The centre could supply only a dozen Vec…