http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punganur_CowThe Punganur dwarf cow, which originated in Chitoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India, is considered one of the world's smallest cows. The Punganur breed's milk has a high fat content and is rich in medicinal properties. While cow milk normally has a fat content of 3 to 3.5 per cent, the Punganur breed's milk contains 8 per cent. The Punganur is found in Chittoor district situated in the south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau with an average rainfall of 700 mm. It is the worlds shortest, humped cattle. Animals are white and light grey in colour with a broad forehead and short horns. Its average height is 70-90 cms and its weight is 115-200 kg. The cow is an amazingly efficient milker with an average milk yield of 3-5 L/day on a daily feed intake of 5 kg. It is also highly drought resistant, and able to survive exclusively on dry fodder.
Some of the breed characteristics are:
- Back sloping downwards from front to hind quarters.
- Tail touching the ground.
- Slight mobile horns, almost flat along the back and normally at different heights from each other.
It is not officially recognised as a breed since there are only a few animals remaining.
- Chandrashekhar, B. (18 November 2011). "Punganur cow a craze among the rich". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 November 2011.