Registration of Indigenous Cattle


Animal Science Division
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
New Delhi
National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources
Karnal-132 001
          The domestic livestock and poultry have supported the agrarian economy of India by contributing milk, meat, egg, draught power, fibre, manure, etc. as well as generating rural employment. As per FAO, Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) refer to those animal species and the populations within each species that are used, or may be used, for production of food and agriculture. Our country is bestowed with rich domestic animal biodiversity such as cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, horse, camel, pig, donkey, yak, mithun, poultry etc. Vast range of agro-ecological zones of India has helped to develop large number of breeds of various species of livestock and poultry. This diversity of domesticated livestock and poultry breeds has emerged due to years of evolution within specific ecological niche. Several complex and interactive factors like human needs, adaptability of a species, agro-climatic conditions, selection and animal husbandry practices ultimately culminate in the emergence of a breed. Each breed/type/strain should be regarded as an aggregate of specific genes, to serve specific purpose(s) in particular agro-ecological zones.

         The advent of new era of national sovereignty over genetic resources under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) requires a new approach to describe and catalogue livestock and poultry breeds. Trade-Related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) under General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (GATT) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) through Article 27, “patents shall be available for any invention”. It implies member countries to provide protection to its livestock and poultry genetic resources by an effective sui generis system. This in turn demands an authentic national documentation system of valuable sovereign genetic resources with well defined characteristics. Towards this end a mechanism for “Registration of Animal Germplasm” is being initiated at National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). This would provide identity and protection to the valuable animal genetic resources and facilitate its access for genetic improvement and economic utilisation.

         The registration of Indian livestock and poultry germplasm shall revolve around the concept of a breed. It is difficult to exactly define a breed; however, FAO has defined the breed which is widely accepted, read as follows:
The breeds are either
       (a) a sub-specific group of domestic livestock with definable and identifiable external characteristics that enable it to be separated by visual appraisal from other similarly-defined groups within same species; or

       (b) a group for which geographical and/or cultural separation from phenotypically similar groups has led to acceptance of its separate identity.

         The animal germplasm registration needs to be carried out at breed/type/strain/variety level within a species. Species-wise national animal germplasm registration shall be maintained at NBAGR, Karnal. The known breeds of various species shall be registered to begin with. The registration shall be carried out using a well laid breed descriptor which has been evolved by the Bureau. An alpha numeric code has been designed for all the breeds in the following format


         AB = Two Digit Numeric Code for State One (Major Tract)
         CD = Two Digit Numeric Code for State Two
         XY = Two Digit Numeric Code for Species
         EFG = Three Digit Numeric Code for the Breed

The list of breed accession numbers evolved using above format for existing breeds of livestock and poultry is furnished below.

New breeds will be registered by National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal. Organisations / departments / universities seeking to get their unique livestock & poultry populations registered as breeds may apply in the prescribed format to Director, NBAGR, P.O. Box 129, Karnal – 132001 (Haryana).



Home Tract

Accession number

1AmritmahalKarnataka INDIA_CATTLE_0800_AMRITMAHAL_03001
2BachaurBihar INDIA_CATTLE_0300_BACHAUR_03002
3BargurTamilnadu INDIA_CATTLE_1800_BARGUR_03003
4DangiMaharashtra and Madhya Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1104_DANGI_03004
5DeoniMaharashtra and Karnataka INDIA_CATTLE_1108_DEONI_03005
6GaolaoMaharashtra and Madhya Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1110_GAOLAO_03006
7GirGujrat INDIA_CATTLE_0400_GIR_03007
8HallikarKarnataka INDIA_CATTLE_0800_HALLIKAR_03008
9HarianaHaryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_0520_HARIANA_03009
10KangayamTamilnadu INDIA_CATTLE_1800_KANGAYAM_03010
11KankrejGujarat and Rajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_0417_KANKREJ_03011
12KenkathaUttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_2010_KENKATHA_03012
13KherigarhUttar Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_2000_KHERIGARH_03013
14KhillarMaharashtra and Karnataka INDIA_CATTLE_1108_KHILLAR_03014
15Krishna ValleyKarnataka INDIA_CATTLE_0800_KRISHNAVALLEY_03015
16MalviMadhya Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1000_MALVI_03016
17MewatiRajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1705_MEWATI_03017
18NagoriRajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_1700_NAGORI_03018
19NimariMadhya Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1000_NIMARI_03019
20OngoleAndhra Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_0100_ONGOLE_03020
21PonwarUttar Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_2000_PONWAR_03021
22PunganurAndhra Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_0100_PUNGANUR_03022
23RathiRajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_1700_RATHI_03023
24Red KandhariMaharashtra INDIA_CATTLE_1100_REDKANDHARI_03024
25Red SindhiOn organized farms only INDIA_CATTLE_0000_REDSINDHI_03025
26SahiwalPunjab and Rajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_1617_SAHIWAL_03026
27SiriSikkim and West Bengal INDIA_CATTLE_2221_SIRI_03027
28TharparkarRajasthan INDIA_CATTLE_1700_THARPARKAR_03028
29UmblacheryTamilnadu INDIA_CATTLE_1800_UMBLACHERY_03029
30VechurKerala INDIA_CATTLE_0900_VECHUR_03030

New Breeds

31MotuOrissa,Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh INDIA_CATTLE_1526_MOTU _03031
32GhumusariOrissa INDIA_CATTLE_1500_GHUMUSARI _03032
33BinjharpuriOrissa INDIA_CATTLE_1500_BINJHARPURI _03033
34KhariarOrissa INDIA_CATTLE_1500_KHARIAR _03034   


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