Malnad Gidda Cattle - A Valuable Native Breed of Karnataka

Malnad Gidda Cattle -
A Valuable Native Breed of Karnataka
D.N.Das, M.K.Rao and A. Obi Reddy
Southern Campus, NDRI, Bangalore - 560 030
Malnand Gidda is a small, multipurpose breed of cattle reared by the farmers in western ghat
region of Karnataka. They play a pivotal role in the socio-economic status of the farmers in this
region. A survey was carried out in Shimoga district during 2005 for studying the breed. It was
observed that Malnad Gidda cattle are generally maintained under semi range housing system.
During the day they are allowed to graze in the forest areas and at night, they are kept inside the
shed. The shed is made up of brick or stone wall, floor with stones and roof is generally with tiles. The
farmers generally utilize this breed for manure, milk and draft purposes. Bedding material
containing paddy straw, dry leaves and twigs mixed up with dung and urine becomes an ideal
compost fertilizer for coffee and arecanut plantation. The milk produced by this breed is 0.5 - 2.5 liters
per day. The disease resistance capability of this indigenous breed is considered to be very important
in the present context of characterization, utilization and improvement of the breed.


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