The Punganur dwarf cow, which originated in Chitoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India, is considered one of the world's smallest cows.
The Punganur breed's milk has a high fat content and is rich in
medicinal properties. While cow milk normally has a fat content of 3 to
3.5 per cent, the Punganur breed's milk contains 8 per cent.
The Punganur is found in Chittoor district situated in the
south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau with an average rainfall of 700
mm. It is the worlds shortest, humped cattle. Animals are white and
light grey in colour with a broad forehead and short horns. Its average
height is 70-90 cms and its weight is 115-200 kg. The cow is an
amazingly efficient milker with an average milk yield of 3-5 L/day on a
daily feed intake of 5 kg. It is also highly drought resistant, and able
to survive exclusively on dry fodder.
Some of the breed characteristics are: Back sloping downwards from fron…